(Four Directions of Travel) :
This type of truck is capable of travel in four directions: forward,
reverse, left and right.
The number of transactions as measured by: # of picks in line items;
amount shipped in dollars; etc.
An identification given to a specific location within a facility to
which flow of material can be directed.
The dimension in a storage aisle, from rack to rack, subtracting any
pallet or load overhang. Also, see pallet and load overhang.
See Aisle, Main.
An aisle in a warehouse serving only one function. May be for storage or
An aisle used to travel between points. There is typically no storage in
this aisle, which “crosses” the end of pick aisles and serves as the
main travel route for material handling type trucks.
See Aisle Storage.
An aisle used to stack loads or pick materials.
Where the positive and negative polarity alternate. The alternating
period is called a cycle. In the U.S. and Canada, the average is 60
cycles per minute; overseas, 50 cycles per minute is common.
The temperature of the surrounding cooling medium, such as gas or liquid;
usually refers to room or air temperature.
Refers to the volume of electricity that can be drawn from a battery,
and is dependent on the number or the size of the plates within the
individual battery cells.
Safety standard for low-lift and high-lift trucks, sponsored by the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and approved by the
American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The standard defines
safety requirements regarding the design, operation and maintenance of
Configured to meet the needs of a particular situation.
A device other than conventional forks or load backrest on the elevating
mechanism of a truck used for handling a load. Popular types are fork
extensions, clamps, rotating devices, sideshifters, load stabilizers,
rams and booms.
An acronym for Battery-State-of-Charge
Generally used as backup stock for a primary or fixed location.
The location of stock in bands at different rack or Carousel shelf
levels depending on turnover in such a way as to minimize travel or
queuing. The fastest movers are placed at the most convenient level for
picking with slower moving items placed at floor or higher levels. In
systems using intellipickTM software, banding is used to divide a
Carousel horizontally into two logical Carousels to minimize lift table
Machine-readable symbols consisting of black lines and white spaces that
represent letters and numbers. The most common bar code format used in
industry is Code 39. Universal Pricing Code (UPC) is also sometimes
encountered. While formats are not interchangeable, most readers can be
configured to read a number of different formats. Bar codes are read by
either a direct contact wand or a laser scanner. Bar code input to a
computer is done via a ©wedgeª device that plugs (wedges) between the
keyboard and the CPU.
A structural member of a high-lift truck, containing load wheel(s), that
extend in front of the mast from both sides. Also referred to as
BASELEG OPENING (BLO):
The distance between the inside of the baselegs, measured at the
OVERALL WIDTH (OAW):
The distance measured across the widest part of the outside of the
A process whereby the quantities of the same product number are summed
together from multiple entries of bill of material model numbers, sub-assemblies,
or customer orders, and the products are picked collectively.
The act of making one pick and breaking that pick down for multiple
BATCH PICKING SYSTEM:
System designed with operator prompting devices (see BPI) to support
A compilation of several orders zoned for optimum pick rate, which are
sorted at a centralized location.
The space in which the battery is housed and secured.
A device used for connection of battery to truck or charger, composed of
either male and female halves or two halves that differ only in method
of mounting and polarity.
Those rollers located in bottom of battery compartment and battery
stands to facilitate easy battery installation and removal.
The portion of the Sideloader dedicated to carrying the load.
The term given to a vehicle which is equipped for forward and reverse
An enclosed space. Storage totes, storage areas, storage slots or
storage containers as defined by physical parameters. Also a synonym for
A line item pick representing a quantity less than a full case.
Back-up storage for fast moving items. Also a temporary holding area for
small lots of product between production calls.
1. Floor stacking unit loads on top of unit loads. Typically used for
high volume, high cube and/or seasonal products. Often uses nesting or
stacking racks. Note: Not typically suitable with FIFO requirements. 2.
An area within a facility where items are too large or throughput is too
high to be placed in a storage bin. (See also, Floor Stacking.)
A rack system with arms cantilevered off a vertical column and loads
placed either directly on the arms or on shelves supported by them. Used
extensively in steel, lumber and furniture warehousing, having the
advantage of long unobstructed shelves with no uprights to restrict
A truck's load capacity at a specified load center, stated in pounds at
a specific fork height
A device in which printed circuit cards are housed.
Horizontal or vertical rotating bin unit to deliver parts to an operator
in a fixed position or work station.
TUNNEL SYNDROME (CTS):
The most commonly cited of the cumulative trauma disorders, CTS is
characterized by painful hand and wrist motion leading to disability. It
results from inflammation of the sheath in the wrist that contains many
of the muscles, tendons, and nerves controlling hand and wrist movement.
The inflammation results from frequent repetitive wrist movements under
A support structure for forks or attachments, generally roller mounted,
which travels vertically within the mast of a fork truck
Hydraulically operated blade attachment which can be fitted to forklift
trucks to enable unit loads of cartons to be handled without the use of
pallets. Special thin-bladed types also allow order picking by
“skimming” layers of cartons off stacked pallets
Used to hold and/or transmit items selected to fill an order requirement,
often customized to meet specialized needs.
CASE IN / PIECE OUT:
Storage of a complete stored unit and picked from inventory as a
separate individual unit.
One section of a battery.
CENTER OF GRAVITY
The point at which the load mass is concentrated.
The process whereby a battery is returned, electrochemically, to its
maximum ability to deliver current. This is accomplished via connecting
the battery to an appropriately-sized charger.
Vertical space available for storing product.
A preparatory process that allows the truck or Carousel to operate at
levels of temperature that may cause condensation and/or freezing.
The overcrowding or obstruction of aisles or docks, for any reason. A
situation that develops when people, lift trucks, or merchandise attempt
to occupy the same space at the same time.
Traffic interference or bottlenecks.
A truck equipped to lift and transport the load in front of the load
A mechanical tow hitch.
Counterbalanced SWING-REACH® model designator. 2. Customer Service
The amount of any given SKU that a defined storage address can accept.
Usually expressed in cubic inches or cubic feet and related to the cube
of the SKU.
The ratio of occupied space to total cubic space available, usually
expressed as a percentage.
TRAUMA DISORDERS (CTD):
Also called cumulative trauma injuries and repetitive motion disorders.
These disorders are muscle, nerve, or joint- related problems caused by
inappropriate movements over a period of time. They are caused by the
same four factors characteristic of "at-risk movements", often
resulting from a combination of those factors where the stress of each
factor taken alone would not necessarily be a problem.
A solid tire that has a low cross section profile. Designed for indoor
The time required to complete a unit of work, generally the total of
travel time, plus load storage or retrieval time.
The term used for one discharge and one charge of a cell or battery.
Cycle life refers to the number of times a battery can be charged and
discharged before it is no longer able to do the required work for which
it is intended.
1. Average amount of an SKU stored in a picking location required to
support the day's activities. 2. Amount of product picked in a day.
A brake that remains engaged until it is intentionally released by the
Removal of up to 80% of the rated capacity of a cell or battery.
DIRECT CURRENT (DC):
Where the positive and negative polarity remains in the same relative
position (does not reverse). This is characteristic of current delivered
Used to provide feedback to the operator. Important issues are
appropriate placement, control/display relationship, readability, and
use of symbols, colors, etc.
Two pallet deep storage where one storage unit (i.e. pallet) is stored
behind another. Accessible from front position only. Works well on high
DEEP-REACH® model designator.
The tire that furnishes the tractive force to move the truck.
A rack configuration that permits a vehicle to enter the structure from
one side to pick up or deposit pallets on a continuous rail. The
structure dictates first-in, last-out storage.
Total stop time spent at pick front.
An acronym for Ergonomically Advanced System w/intellidrive®.
The vertical distance from the floor to the load carrying surface
adjacent to the heel of the forks with mast vertical, and in the case of
reach trucks, with the forks extended.
The assembly of mast, telescopics and lift ram(s).
An extended charge given to a storage battery to insure the complete
restoration of active materials in all the plates of all the cells.
The study of work organization, and the human/machine interface in
particular. Not to be confused with mere appearance, ergonomic design is
a science devoted to helping the machine operator be more productive by
allowing him/her to operate more efficiently, comfortably, and safely.
An extended turret on a Swing-Reach® truck which accommodates wide
The vertical distance from the floor to the top of the uppermost
structure of the truck (mast, carriage, load handler) in the maximum
A primary cause of disability, loss of productivity, and worker
dissatisfaction, fatigue can be minimized by good ergonomic design. This
is done through intelligent use of limb and body supports, adjustability,
ergonomic materials, and efficient layout.
A method of maintaining product rotation by always picking the oldest
first. Also an accounting method that is based upon valuing inventory or
picking inventory from the oldest to the newest. The first product put
away is the first product picked.
A storage system where inventory first stored is last removed. Generally
other than single deep, that allows minimal selectivity.
First-in, still here somewhere! Lost or buried inventory items.
A dedicated storage slot for a specific item.
An addressed location of cubic space for a specific SKU.
Random storage locations. A storage location which can, when emptied, be
restocked with a variety of different SKU's.
A wire embedded in the floor carrying an alternating current, low
voltage signal which will normally create a field around the wire that a
vehicle, with appropriate sensing device, will follow causing it to
steer an accurate course over the wire. No contact is necessary between
the wire and the vehicle or its sensing device.
A storage slot at floor level.
Cubic density of storage obtained using least amount of actual square
Usually referring to the storage of pallets (one on top of the other) on
the floor; could also be cartons or any type of product. (See also Bulk
The path(s) taken to pick, package and ship an order. The processing
blueprint to accomplish the order picking process
Non-powered conveyer lanes with rollers pitched at a slight angle so
that two or more loads can be stored in one lane with gravity providing
the means of movement within that lane via FIFO basis (for case or
The minimum and maximum overall width to which the carriage forks may be
A fork attachment that increases the load-carrying surface of the forks.
Horizontal tine-like projections, normally suspended from the carriage,
for engaging and supporting loads.
FORWARD PICK AREA:
Referring to the location of high turnover products for greatest
Feet per minute, a measure of speed.
FREE LIFT (FL):
The attainable lift from the extreme lowered position of the carriage
before the stated overall collapsed height of the mast is exceeded by
any standard part of the forks, mast or carriage assemblies. (See also
Nominal Free Lift and Full Free Lift.)
Fastest moving items grouped in the most accessible order picking area.
By placing product into the appropriate golden zone, truck or Carousel
movement is minimized and operator ergonomics is improved (less climbing
and bending, etc.).
la page sur le picking
The percent (%) of grade that a truck can ascend or descend.
The measure of the rate of ascent of a ramp numerically equal to the
vertical rise divided by the horizontal length, multiplied by 100, and
stated in percent (%).
The maximum slope whose crest can be negotiated due to the structural
limitations imposed by the under clearance and wheelbase of a truck.
1. A storage method that allows pallets, boxes or cases to flow from
rear to front in a storage system. 2. Storage involving flow to move
pallets or cases for automatic replenishment of pick slot.
The path of wire in the floor that wire guided vehicles track.
The dimension from the rear bumper of the truck to the vertical face of
the fork carriage.
A method of picking orders from storage levels above the normal pick
height (above 18 feet) which requires either operator aboard or
automatic storage/retrieval system equipment.
A category of industrial truck designed to effectively transport
material in the horizontal direction. The Model 19, Walkie and 40 Low
Lift are The Raymond Corporation products in this category.
A device used to measure density or specific gravity of the sulfuric
acid-water electrolyte solution.
TRUCK ASSOCIATION (I.T.A.):
An organization of industrial truck manufacturers and suppliers that
formalizes and publishes industry statistics. Also forms committees to
address issues such as safe truck use.
Raymond's advanced state-of-the-art microprocessor based control system
that enhances truck performance, productivity and reliability beyond all
Raymond's wire guidance system (See Also Wire Guidance).
A system that automatically regulates the maximum allowable travel speed
at which the truck can operate given the elevated fork height, heading
angle, direction of travel and operator speed request. Because this
information is monitored by a microprocessor, the travel speed is
greater than conventional limit-switch regulated trucks.
Accounting principle based on the number of times the entire inventory
is used up and replenished in a given period of time.
JUST IN TIME (JIT):
Controlling incoming merchandise so as to minimize inventory required to
Allows the operation of an EASi truck to be password-protected. This
option means only authorized, password accessed, drivers can operate the
vehicle. The start-up of a vehicle with this option requires both the
mechanical key along with knowledge and ability to enter the appropriate
One thousand watts.
HOUR (KWH) CAPACITY:
The total amount of power (volts x amps x hours divided by 1,000) that
can be drawn from a battery. A battery's kilowatt hour rating is a
direct measure of how much work the battery is capable of performing.
An accounting method of inventory control which results in the most
recently received items pulled first, picking inventory from the newest
to the oldest.
Used in random and forward storage systems. Also, with products that do
not have a shelf life, inventory last stored is last removed.
The physical arrangement of the warehouse facility designed to maximize
et allees levees
EQUIPMENT, ACTIVITY, PEOPLE (LEAP):
Four key determinants of an order picking application. These aspects
control the type of order picking application.
The period of time elapsing between when an order is placed and the
order is fulfilled.
Light Emitting Diode.
LENGTH OF LOAD:
That dimension of the load measured parallel to the forks.
voir article sur stabilite_des_chariots_elevateur
LEVEL OF ACTIVITY:
The frequency of line items picked of any given SKU relative to other
SKU's in the system.
The average velocity in feet-per-minute when raising the load carriage
throughout its operating range, specified for empty and loaded
A single transaction part number. It represents a line on an invoice or
one stop at a bin front.
An oscillator, amplifier, and associated circuitry, that supplies the
guidance signal to the guide wire in an electro-magnetic wire guided
LINE ITEM SEQUENCE:
The order in which parts are picked.
LINE OF SIGHT:
A description of angles of visibility, which is a key ergonomic design
Suggested selling price to the end user.
An active part or usage item, generally located in a specific storage
The portion of the carriage and forks which supports the load when it is
tilted rearward, upward or elevated.
A device extending vertically from the fork carriage frame (load
The horizontal distance from the intersection of the fork face and fork
heel (or equivalent load positioning structure) to the center of gravity
of the load.
The vertical distance from the carrying surface of the fork (or
equivalent load carrying structure) to the center of gravity of the load.
The portion of the load which projects beyond the front, back or sides
of the pallet, skid and/or load beam (See also Pallet Overhang.)
As pertaining to reach and straddle trucks, those wheels that are
located in the baselegs.
A stock-keeping address consisting of aisle, aisle side, rack bay, shelf
level, slot, subslot
LOST LOAD CENTER
The amount of horizontal distance, measured from the carriage forward,
that is lost from the standard 24" load center when an attachment
LOW LIFT TRUCK (L):
A truck equipped with an elevating mechanism designed to raise the load
only enough to permit horizontal movement.
PLATFORM TRUCK (L,P):
A truck designed and built to handle a customer's particular type of
VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER (LVCB):
A device that electrically prevents lifting of forks when the battery
voltage drops below a predetermined level.
The preferred term for what is commonly referred to as a
“Maintenance-Free Battery.” Regardless of construction, all
batteries require at least a minimum of maintenance to perform at
optimum levels. The term “Reduced-Maintenance” is also appropriate
to describe these newer-generation batteries.
LOWERED HEIGHT (LH):
The vertical dimension to the top surface of the forks when the carriage
is at its lowest position, but not dragging on the floor.
The average velocity in FPM when lowering the load carriage throughout
its operating range, as specified for empty and loaded conditions.
Sorting of batch picks for individual orders. Verification of product
and count after the order picking function.
The support member that provides a structure to permit vertical movement
of the carriage. It is usually constructed out of C-Channel uprights
that provide the supporting pathway for the carriage rollers.
voir les types de mâts et les levées: pneus mats accessoires
STORAGE AISLE WIDTH:
The minimum aisle required to operate the proposed equipment.
The device or container material is deposited in or on by the picker. (See
also Pick Container.)
(Miles Per Hour). A measure of truck speed.
NARROW AISLE LIFT
An electric lift truck that can operate in aisles smaller than
counterbalanced trucks, typically 8 to 10 feet clear.
NOMINAL FREE LIFT
A limited fixed free lift. Two stage mast only. (See also Free Lift and
Full Free Lift.)
SAFETY & HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA):
Federal agency which establishes and enforces standards established to
maintain a safe and healthy work environment.
Vehicle operation where carriage elevates and operator remains on ground
during storage/retrieval process.
The area within which the operator normally works. This area is a
primary focus of ergonomic design and, in addition to allowing the
operator and equipment to accomplish their assigned work, it must be
designed to be safe, efficient, and comfortable.
Vehicle operation where carriage and operator go up together during
A person or equipment assigned the function of selecting material
required for orders from storage.
TRUCK, HIGH LIFT (OP):
A high lift truck controlled by the operator standing on a platform that
moves up and down and intended for manual stock selection.
COLLAPSED HEIGHT (OACH):
The maximum vertical dimension from the floor to the extreme top point
of the mast with the fork carriage in the fully lowered position and
OVERALL LENGTH (OAL):
Length of fork truck extremities measured in direction of fork length.
OVERALL WIDTH (OAW):
Width of fork truck extremities measured in direction of fork width.
OVERHEAD GUARD (OHG):
A framework fitted to a truck over the head of the operator's envelope.
Usually at the end of a rack row and used as a temporary drop station to
hold pallets for movement into a rack system or retrieve pallets out of
the rack system. Pick up and delivery point for incoming and outgoing
loads into a rack system. Positioned to maximize vehicle efficiency.
A Raymond stand-up electric, counterbalanced, dual front wheel drive
A load supporting structure usually built with wooden front-to-back
stringers and top and bottom decks with openings that allow pick up and
transportation by a fork truck. Pallet specifications should be stated
as length (stringer) x width.
Generally used in conjunction with a rack system. A space where one
fully loaded pallet may be stored.
That portion of the pallet which projects beyond the front and rear
pallet rack load beams. (See also Load Overhang.)
The premise that 20% of the inventory will require 80% of the picking
The physical process of locating, counting and retrieving an item(s).
The number of units of a specific SKU or line item on an order or the
total number contained on an order of all SKU's picked.
An integral part of a Push-Pull attachment. (See Options Section,
Attachment Push-Pull). The platen is approximately 1" thick at the
heel and has a full taper to the tip. There are usually two platens
required per attachment each being approximately 15" wide x
48" long. The platen supports loads that are transported on
slip-sheets rather than pallets.
PLATFORM TRUCK (P):
A (High-Lift or Low-Lift) truck with a load handling platform designed
to pick up and deposit a customer's particular type of skid.
Polyurethane (used for tires, wheels, guide rollers).
That portion of a fork truck that contains batteries, drive wheel(s),
lift pump and motor/auxiliary pump and motor.
1. The best of a category, i.e. prime location, meaning first location
to check. 2. To load the computer with the known orders that will need
to be picked so that a pick list or automated instructions can be
The point at which the number of personnel and equipment maximizes
Enables the operator to control slow-down, direction change and machine.
The optimum arrangement of orders for filling, either chronologically or
to maximize picking efficiency throughout the warehouse.
See emergency power disconnect.
RADIO FREQUENCY (RF):
Wireless communications used to communicate information to/from mobile
stations throughout the warehouse. These stations are often attached to
forklift trucks and sometimes hand carried.
A mechanical system that maintains the alignment of a fork truck in a
A software program used to lay out warehouses, simulate vehicle
requirements and productivity.
The Raymond Corporation's leasing company.
The Raymond Corporation's Reach Truck family.
The process of handling inbound product to the warehouse for stock
replenishment and eventual picking.
An optional feature that allows an operator to lift and lower the
carriage from an approved platform attached to the carriage and
supported on the forks of a lift truck.
Another name for cumulative trauma disorders. This is the term generally
used by the U.S. government.
To take stock from a storage location and transfer it to a primary pick
unit location which has become empty.
1. The physical replenishment of stock in its designated storage
location. 2. A period of time set aside for this process.
To bring product from its storage location to a disbursement point.
On those trucks having a steering option, it is the type of steering
that results in the truck turning to the right when steering wheel is
turned counterclockwise and the operator is facing opposite direction of
See Radio Frequency.
RIGHT ANGLE STACKING:
Loads, typically stored in racks, stacked by a fork truck at right
angles (90o) to the path of travel in a storage aisle.
ROTATE THE QUEUE:
When the top item in the queue is moved to the bottom, all others are
moved up by one.
The alternation or redistribution of product in a storage system based
on their seasonal demand.
Straddle Fork Truck model designator or standard lift system designator.
A device usually worn around the waist which, when attached to a lanyard
and lifeline or a structure, will prevent a worker from falling.
A multi-step training program for each major Raymond truck product line,
with specifics on proper operation and load handling for that model.
An item which is of varying demand depending on time of year, but
follows the same pattern annually. Refers to time when more of certain
inventory is demanded requiring that provision be made for their storage
& retrieval as extra product.
Storage rack used to store pallet loads of material.
The amount or percentage of product in a warehouse which is accessible
to the aisle for picking.
The loss in capacity of a battery standing idle. Increases in
temperature tend to accelerate the rate of self-discharge. Impurities in
the electrolyte or plates also contribute to loss of battery capacity
A system of item storage where products are divided into classes. Within
each class, items are arranged by part number sequence. Orders are split
into two or more segments, the first zone logically being merged with
the second zone and so on until the entire order is assembled in the
Goes beyond the sequence-of-use principle of arrangement to suggest that,
whenever possible, simultaneous control and performance is more
efficient than sequential control and performance. This concept suggests
the desirability of simultaneous multi-function controls and was
important to the design of the new EASi control handle.
A vertical light tree used to visually indicate shelf level and display
some combination of quantity and slot for order picking.
A high lift industrial truck able to work in very narrow aisles and
equipped to reach forward to pick up or deposit long, heavy loads (such
as steel bars) or pallets. Also sometimes used in reference to sidereach
vehicles like the Raymond Swing-Reach®.
Multiple functions occurring at the same time, i.e. travel, lift and
A storage system designed to give maximum selectivity, generally using
single deep-type pallet storage racks.
Each SKU has a permanent location that picks are made from.
Replenishment is made from back-up stock.
SINGLE ORDER PICK:
The process of completely picking the items on one list before starting
A load supporting structure with top deck and front-to-back legs that
requires a platform truck for pick-up and transport. Specifications are
stated as Width x Length.
See Stock Keeping Unit
Available in three (3) types: corrugated, solid fiber and plastic. These
are used in place of pallets and require a push-pull attachment with
A warehouse location with a specific address, or the front-to-back or
side-to-side positioning of product on a carousel shelf.
Sideloader Reach Fork Truck model designator.
The weight of the sulfuric acid-water electrolyte mixture compared to an
equal volume of water alone. Pure water has a specific gravity of 1.000.
A battery's specific gravity reading affords an approximate indication
of its state-of-charge.
A truck's resistance to overturning.
The temporary storage of goods while awaiting the next step in the
Location of a particular part, component or line item. May be a numeric
or alphanumeric part number or location
Represents one unique inventory item.
The aisle where one stores material or has access to material stored
AND RETRIEVAL TRUCK (SRT):
Battery powered storage and retrieval trucks that perform required
The sum total of all costs associated with storage. It includes
inventory costs, warehouse costs, administrative costs, deterioration
costs, insurance, and taxes.
The measurement of quantity of product which can be stored on a fixed
amount of space.
The “envelope” or cubic space available for storage or a unit load.
STRADDLE TRUCK (S):
A high-lift truck with a wide enough BLO to straddle a pallet and engage
A high-lift counterbalanced truck (equipped with a rotatable elevating
mechanism) capable of transporting and tiering a load. It is able to
traverse the load laterally for storage at right angles to the truck
The ergonomic concept of designing controls that are different enough in
shape and form that touch alone may be used to differentiate one from
A multiple mast which permits maximum lifts substantially greater than
the OACH. This is accomplished with one stationary member and other
members which move vertically with respect to the stationary member and
support the fork carriage in its vertical movement.
A component that attaches the safety belt to the operator's work
A fork truck mast assembly comprised of (1) stationary mainframe and (2)
1. The rate at which incoming orders arrive at the warehouse. 2. Rate at
which lines represented by cards or as line data are picked and shipped.
3. Level of workload activity measured in loads per unit of time,
normally loads per day or loads per hour.
A single layer of packages forming part of a unit load.
The process of placing one load on or above another (See also Bulk
The function of altering the angle of the forks or the mast of a lift
truck, to cradle the load or facilitate its deposit.
Portable container for storing & transporting merchandise.
A powered industrial truck designed primarily to draw one or more
trailers or other mobile loads.
Three stage mast designator with one fixed stage and two telescoping
TURNING RADIUS (OUTSIDE):
Half the diameter of the largest circle described by the outermost
projection of a truck when driving slowly with the steering mechanism at
the optimum steering angle.
The frequency with which the total inventory of an item is shipped.
Turnover is usually expressed as the number of turns per year.
See Swing-Reach Truck.
A fork truck mast assembly comprised of (1) stationary main frame and
(1) moving telescopic assembly
See Underwriters' Laboratories Listing.
UL RATING TYPE E:
Electrically powered trucks that have minimal acceptable safeguards
against inherent fire hazards.
UL RATING TYPE EE:
Electrically powered trucks that have, in addition to all of the
requirements for the E and ES units, the electric motors and all other
electric components completely enclosed.
UL RATING TYPE ES:
Electrically powered trucks that, in addition to all of the requirements
of the E units, are provided with additional safeguards to the
electrical system to prevent emission of hazardous sparks and to limit
The distance, in inches, from floor to the underside of the truck.
LABORATORIES LISTING (UL):
A list of truck models complying with the requirements of Underwriter's
Laboratories, an independent testing agency. Used by insurance companies
to determine the premium rate for insurance coverage for various areas
An assembly of unit or units that can be transported or stored in a
UNIT LOAD SIZE:
Description of load including length, width and height dimensions.
UNIT LOAD WEIGHT:
The overall weight of the unit load including the weight of the pallet
PRICE CODE (UPC):
See Bar Code
Section of the elevating section that pertains to the outside main frame
NARROW AISLE LIFT TRUCK (VNA):
Trucks that typically operate in clear aisles of approximately 5 feet.
This is the number one priority in ergonomic work space design due to
its contribution to efficient operation and operator safety.
Very Narrow Aisle.
A measure of battery potential, stated in volts.
A category of (Low-Lift and High-Lift) trucks controlled by a walking
WALKIE HIGH LIFT:
Pedestrian-controlled reach and straddle lift trucks.
Same as a Walkie, but equipped for rider-operation as well as pedestrian
control. Very popular for ground-level orderpicking off pallets.
The dimension between the center line of the axle of the wheels located
to the rear of the truck and the center line of the axle of the wheels
located on the front of the truck.
The measurement used to determine the effect the truck axle loading has
on the floor on which it operates. There are two types of measurement:
Force: concentrated reaction per tire, in pounds, exerted by wheel on
the floor. P.S.I.: the wheel loading, in pounds, divided by the wheel
contact area in square inches.
The overall width dimension of the widest pair of wheels on a vehicle.
An electromechanical system that controls vehicle steering while
tracking an energized guidewire secured in the floor.
An electronic control system that provides automatic steering of a
vehicle while it is being used in a storage aisle.
The logical and efficient progression of the order assembly process.
WORK IN PROCESS (WIP):
Products that are in the process of being manufactured; incomplete
The area where the worker waits for the pick face to arrive in order to
perform the order picking task (Carousels). A mobile work station would
deliver the worker to the pick face (order picking vehicle).
Picking slots are numbered so that the order picker's walk pattern, if
he/she was picking from every slot, would be ahead four locations,
across the aisle and back two locations, ahead four, across the aisle
and back two - and so on. In many operations this arrangement yields an
optimum actual walk pattern for the order picker.
A designated area; defined location. A systematic division of a storage
or pick area.
1. The picking of products from a given area by a worker or order picker.
2. Method used to pick product by dividing warehouse into segments with
order picking personnel confined to each segment.
Areas that are picked by a given number of order pickers.
Organization of product by family and size, or by activity.