On nous a fait parvenir cette
page d'un collectionneur qui fait également appel à ceux qui pourrait croiser un
engins digne de figurer dans un des musés existant sur sa liste:...
Nous avons rajouté quelques autres trouvailles dans le
tableau en page.
A potted history of
the Fork Lift Truck by
Man has always looked for easier ways of accomplishing difficult
strenuous tasks and one can easily think back to the Stone Age man and
the invention of the lever. It was Archimedes who finally recognised
the importance of the lever and his famous statement "Give me but one
firm spot on which to stand and I will move the earth" is well known.
We doubt that he was thinking of modern day fork lifts when he said
that and indeed it was to be many years before they were developed in
the United States.
In the 1800's basic manually powered sack trucks were developed and
are still in use to this day! As goods became more diverse other types
of hand operated equipment were developed - platform trucks and four
wheeled trailers and the like. Powered versions did not appear until
the beginning of the 20th century and were driven by electric motors
powered by traction batteries. Safety was definitely not a consideration
in those days but they did assist in getting the job done and later
types were made with a platform which could be electrically raised and
It was the first world war that made this equipment popular mainly
due to the shortage of labour. After the war the designers decided that
putting loads on top of each other would be rather a good idea and so
a high lift version of the platform truck was produced.
Clark are credited with producing the forerunner of the seated counterbalanced
truck in 1917 but it was Yale that, in 1925, produced the first electric
truck that had raising forks and an elevating mast. No tilt was fitted
to the machine and the lift was by ratchet and pinion as hydraulic systems
had not been incorporated into trucks at that stage.
At first industry was slow to take up the idea but the advent of
the second world war soon made the fork lift truck indispensable for
loading vast quantities of war goods onto wagons and ships etc. The
fork lift tuck had finally arrived! After the war British industry started
importing trucks from the USA and they were used mainly for outside
applications but then in in 1946 the first truly British company, Coventry
Climax, produced the first fork lift truck and the rest as they say,
One company who had a very significant impact on the UK truck industry
was Lansing Bagnall who took the counterbalanced truck re-designed it
and produced the worlds first reach truck for use in narrow aisle applications.
Trucks nowadays are more sophisticated with complex electronic and
hydraulic systems, high visibility masts and with comfort and safety
for the operator paramount.
If you are interested in the history of Fork
Lifts contact Jim Brindley who is curator of the National Fork Truck
Heritage Centre in the Midlands. His number is
Thomas Truck Training Ltd
House, Huntingdon Rd,
Northants, NN14 4NF
Click on picture for enlargement.
Click on picture for enlargement.
Nous y avons rajouté ces images trouvé sur
élévateur à fourche Automatic à moteur 72 volts.
Chariot élévateur à fourche Automatic à moteur 72 volts.
- Ce moteur de 72 volts, à circuit de commande rapide, permet à un
chariot élévateur à fourche standard Automatic alimenté par
batteries d'effectuer du travail lourd pendant de longues périodes.
Modèles pour chariots d'une puissance de 3000 à 10000 lb (1360 à
permet d'obtenir des chariots de levage les mêmes prestations
qu'avec un moteur à essence. On emploie un démultiplicateur à 6
peut atteindre à pleine charge une vitesse de 15 km à l'heure. Le
conducteur peut choisir entre une manœuvre de lavage lente ou
Constructeur: Automatic Lift Truck Division, Chicago 20,
ÉLÉVATEUR A FOURCHE A QUATRE ROUES DIRECTRICES.
élévateur à fourche, force 20 000 lb. (9 070 kg), quatre
roues directrices à pneus, commande de la direction assistée. Conçu
pour travailler dans des conditions très dures dans la boue et en
terrain accidenté. Quatre vitesses, transmission à puissance
variable et convertisseur à torque avec rapport 3-1 sur un moteur
diesel General Motors de 143 CV. Peut être livré avec moteur à
essence. Direction sur quatre ou sur deux roues par action sur une
manette. Une seule manette sur la colonne de direction commande le
levage et les mouvements de bascule.
Caractéristiques. Garde au sol: 14 in.
(36 cm); vitesse: 25 mph (50 km/h), en marche avant et
arrière. Rayon de braquage: 312 in. (7,92 m). Empattement:
108 in. (2,74 m); longueur (sans la fourche): 207 in.
(5,26 m); poids à vide: 32 470 lb. (14 730 kg). Pneus: 14 x
Industrial Truck Division, Clark Equipment Company, Battle Creek,
ÉLÉVATEUR A FOURCHES LATÉRALES IRION
ÉLÉVATEUR A FOURCHES LATÉRALES IRION. - Puissance 3000 kg pour un
centre de gravité de la charge situé à une distance de 600 mm.
Longueur des fourches, 1200 mm. Châssis en poutre-caisson; moteur
Mercedes-Benz Diesel, 4 temps, 4 cylindres. Puissance 30 CV, à 2500
t/m. Embrayage mécanique. Vitesse de marche: 1re 4 km/h 2e:
7 km/h; 3e: 11 km/h; 4e: 17 km/h, 5e:
25 km/h. Marche arrière: 4 km/h. Commande hydraulique: pression de
marche, environ 160 atm. sous 3 t. de charge.
Constructeur: Albert Irion, Nachf., Stuttgart-Münster
Logistics have always played a pivotal role
in the development of successful civilisations.
For example, one can imagine how vital it was for the Romans to have
an efficient supply chain to sustain the huge armies controlling their
vast empire. This would have required sophisticated forward planning
and construction of storage and distribution facilities. Transportation
by oxen, and by sea was slow and the empire ran without any of the advantages
Today, we take for granted the easy and constant availability of our
groceries, fuel and consumer products, on virtually a 24hour basis,
without much thought about how the goods arrive at the retail outlet
- even though our daily lives are dependent on this availability.
Behind the scenes, complex and highly efficient storage
and distribution infrastructures are effectively the life support system
for modern societies. Without them chaos would rapidly ensue.
Mechanised material handling is in fact a relatively
new industry and originated in the USA. It was in the early 1940's that
the first tentative efforts were made to develop an alternative to manual
handling in the UK. For it did not escape the notice of young entrepreneurs
that the American liberty ships, providing vital wartime supplies in
the early 1940's, were using forklift trucks to unload their cargoes,
rather than the labour intensive manual methods in use at British ports.
One of the pioneers was Lansing Bagnall (Lansing Linde
today) who were among the first UK companies to design and develop tow
tractors, for British Rail, and powered pallet trucks which transformed
the internal transport of products to bring unheard of levels of efficiency.
Subsequent models included the first stand-on moving
mast reach truck, which was revolutionary in its time, enabling goods
to be stored to a much higher density than had ever been possible previously,
and in aisles of less than 2.5 metres.
In those exciting pioneering days it was necessary
to sell the handling concept as well as the product, since such methods
of storage was unknown and the market had to be created. Trade unions
saw mechanisation as a threat to their members and some companies were
not initially convinced of the benefits. In spite of these challenges,
the early pioneers preserved and continued to develop new types of handling
products, leading to the first mechanical exhibition held in London
in 1948, which highlighted the economical advantages of mechanised muscle
to a much wider audience.
Designers in those days had to work within the restrictions
of the available technology, while at the same time researching new
ways to advance and improve in this area. Early control units for battery
powered units for example, were large and not very energy efficient,
existing as they did of heavy wiring and a series of contactors.
Power steering, and even overhead guards were a rare
luxury, while seats were very basic and usually without suspension,
but one has to remember that at that time, virtually all goods were
moved manually, so any mechanical assistance was a major step forward.
In a relatively short space of time, there were amazing
advances in engineering and electronics applied to the development of
materials handling equipment, leading to significant improvements in
performance and efficiency.
As consumer demand grew, so did the need to create
more efficient distribution and storage, which in turn lead to the development
of high lift reach trucks and very narrow aisle system trucks and order
pickers. Lansing Bagnall developed the first man-down turrett truck,
which enabled aisle widths to be reduced to less that 1.5 meters and
in the 1960's was already producing prototype man-up combi trucks.
The introduction of ISO containers to ships products,
created a demand for specialist container handling trucks for ports
and terminals, while smaller capacity engine trucks were produced to
handle increasing volumes of palletised and pallet-less loads in a wide
range of industries.
Engine truck transmission systems were also refined
and improved, and indeed new designs such as the hydrostatic transmission
developed by Linde, brought new levels of smooth control and energy
efficiency to the engine truck. w
With economic prosperity, came the ever increasing
demand for efficient, reliable distribution, which required the creation
of warehouse and inventory management systems, and which also optimised
the performance and efficiency of the materials handling equipment.
Today, modern materials handling equipment from leading
suppliers is comfortable and quiet in operation and has built-in diagnostics.
Low maintenance requirements and energy efficiency are also essential
features together with versatility and local after sales support.
Those early pioneers founded a major industry, which
influences our daily lives.
Everything we eat
or wear, and everything in our home, including the materials to build
the house itself, has at some stage been stored and handled by materials
fact to ponder when next you see a forklift truck.!!
|History of Hyster (The truck
with the red forks)
hyster company story: "Starting
a new business is never easy. In 1929, it was harder than usual."
Swigert, Founder of Hyster Company. Just
before the Depression began in 1929, a small machinery company was established
on a back lot in Portland, Oregon. It didn't make lift trucks --- The
term "lift truck" didn't even exist then. But the machines it did make
soon earned a reputation for being rugged and tough, able to take the
rigorous punishment of the region's logging industry.
One of those products was a winch, or hoist,
called a "Hyster." It was called that because a foreman in the woods
or on a loading platform would wait for the load to be engaged, then
tell the winch operator to "Hoist'er". That sturdy winch proved to be
only the first of many reliable material handling ideas to come. Times
were rough those first few years. Luckily, the company's leadership
was up to the challenge. Its president, a young Harvard-educated metallurgist
named Ernest G. Swigert, believed the company's future depended ultimately
on the value built into its products. He made it his job to make sure
it was there. He also saw that the young company searched vigorously
for new product ideas, suited to its customers' needs. Besides winches,
it developed tractor-drawn logging arches to move huge logs more efficiently,
and straddle-type lumber carriers. By 1934, experiments were underway
with unusual-looking trucks
fitted with lifting forks at the front. Before long, the young company
would emerging from its economic uncertainty and entering the dawn of
the lift truck age.
|History of Hyster (The truck with the red
forks) in New Zealand
When Gough Gough & Hamer gained the Hyster
dealership in 1945, it was almost by accident. An american company,
Hyster had a close relationship with one of its major customers, the
Caterpillar Tractor Company, to whom it supplied winches and logging
arches, as well as trailers, to
the Caterpillar D series range of tractors. Many Caterpillar dealers
also took on a Hyster dealership as well, a natural fit that resulted
in support for the tractor accessories, as well as access to Hyster’s
other major product, forklift trucks.
Click on picture of NewZealand for lots more info...............
Yale’s museum piece
Yale is loaning what they believe is one of the oldest ‘working’ fork trucks in
existence, to the FLTA Heritage Centre, which is based at the Midlands
Railway Centre. The truck was manufactured in 1926 and brought to the
UK in 1938 as part of the armed farces supply requirements.
Brian Owen, Yale’s asset manager, commented: “The truck has obviously
seen a lot of action in its time but it is a credit to Yale’s build
quality and engineering that
it is still working. Although we still have the original guarantee
and the truck is in perfect working order, I thought it would be best
to put it in a museum rather than into our used truck fleet!”
Possably the oldest working truck in
Unless you know better of course.
Is this New Zealand’s oldest Hyster? If
you know of any older ones, please contact Craig Armstrong-Fray at Gough
Forklifts, on 03 983 2433, or email