forklift operator was loading empty totes onto
a trailer at night. The loading dock ramp was
poorly lit, and the forklift did not have rear
lights that could give adequate lighting for
travelling in reverse.
operator was backing the forklift down the ramp.
Its right wheels went onto a ledge on one side
of the ramp, and a difference in elevation developed
rapidly between the right and left sides of
the forklift. The difference increased as the
forklift moved backward. The forklift tipped
over and the operator, who was not wearing a
seatbelt, was partially ejected from the seat.
The operator was trapped between the forklift
and the ground, receiving fatal injuries.
Eliminate forklift tipover
hazards wherever practicable. Where tipover
hazards cannot be eliminated, implement
other methods of ensuring forklifts will
not contact the hazards.
Install the required general
lighting in all work areas.
Ensure forklifts have the
Train operators to follow
the manufacturer's instructions on how to
prevent tipovers, and ensure they know how
to react in the event of a tipover.
Ensure seatbelts and other
operator-protection devices are used if
the forklifts were manufactured with them.
Consider retrofitting older
forklifts with seatbelts or other operator-protection
devices. These are designed to reduce the
risk of the operator's head and torso being
trapped and crushed between the truck and
the ground in the event of a tipover.