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This section provides basic information on fire and fire extinguishers: Cette section fournit des informations de base sur l'incendie et extincteurs:
 
  Portable Fire Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.

Texte traduit de l'anglais. Document exemple, afin de donner une suggestion de suivis de plan d'évacuation ou une autre approche de secours incendie. Source, Canada ( voir au bas)
 
Fire and extinguisher operation Extincteur d'incendie et d'opération
Fire triangle Fire Triangle

To understand how fire extinguishers work, you need to understand a little about fire. Pour comprendre comment les extincteurs d'incendie, vous devez comprendre un peu de choses sur le feu. Fire is a very rapid chemical reaction between oxygen and a combustible material, which results in the release of heat, light, flames, and smoke. Le feu est un trés rapide réaction chimique entre l'oxygéne et un matériau combustible, ce qui entraéne le dégagement de chaleur, de lumiére, les flammes et la fumée.

Fire Triangle with the text oxygen, heat and fuel surrounding the fire - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials. For fire to exist, the following four elements must be present at the same time: Pour le feu d'exister, les quatre éléments suivants doivent étre présents en méme temps:
  • Enough oxygen to sustain combustion, Suffisamment d'oxygéne pour la combustion,
  • Enough heat to raise the material to its ignition temperature, Assez de chaleur pour soulever la matiére é sa température d'inflammation,
  • Some sort of fuel or combustible material, and Une certaine forme de combustible ou de matiéres combustibles, et
  • The chemical reaction that is fire. La réaction chimique qui est le feu.

How a fire extinguisher works Comment un extincteur travaux

Portable fire extinguishers apply an extinguishing agent that will either cool burning fuel, displace or remove oxygen, or stop the chemical reaction so a fire cannot continue to burn. Extincteurs d'incendie portatifs appliquer un agent extincteur qui soit cool combustion de carburant, de déplacer ou de supprimer l'oxygéne, ou d'arréter la réaction chimique de sorte qu'un incendie ne peut pas continuer é bréler. When the handle of an extinguisher is compressed, agent is expelled out the nozzle. Lorsque la poignée d'un extincteur est comprimé, l'agent est expulsé é la buse. A fire extinguisher works much like a can of hair spray. Un extincteur fonctionne comme une boéte de cheveux.

Extinguisher Label expanded in a circle in front of the extinguisher including the text, Underwriter's Laboratories and the UL logo, listed, dry chemical fire extinguisher, classification 1-A:10-BC - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials. All portable fire extinguishers must be approved by a nationally recognized testing laboratory Tous les extincteurs d'incendie portatifs doivent étre approuvés au niveau national par un laboratoire d'essais reconnu Cutaway Diagram of Extinguisher indicating the inner tube, high pressure gas cannister, the dry chemical, carbon dioxide or water, and externally at the top of the extinguisher, the nozzle, pressure gauge, safety pin and handle - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials. to verify compliance with applicable standards [ 29 CFR 1910.157(c)(2) ]. pour vérifier la conformité avec les normes applicables [29 CFR 1910,157 (c) (2)]. Equipment that passes the laboratory's tests are labeled and given an alpha-numeric classification based on the type and size of fire it will extinguish. L'équipement qui passe du laboratoire essais sont marqués et donné un alpha-numérique classification fondée sur le type et la taille du feu, il s'éteint.

Let's take a look at the label pictured. Jetons un coup d'éil é l'étiquette sur la photo. The classification is: Le classement est le suivant:

1-A:10-BC 1-A :10-Colombie-Britannique

The letters (A, B, and C) represent the type(s) of fire for which the extinguisher has been approved. Les lettres (A, B et C) représentent le type (s) de feu pour l'extincteur qui a été approuvé.

The number in front of the A rating indicates how much water the extinguisher is equal to and represents 1.25 gallons of water for every unit of one. Le nombre en face de l'un des avis indique comment la quantité d'eau est égale Extincteur et représente 1,25 litres d'eau pour chaque unité d'un seul. For example, a 4-A rated extinguisher would be equal to five (4 x 1.25) gallons of water. Par exemple, un 4-catégorie A extincteur serait égal é cinq (4 x 1,25) gallons d'eau.

The number in front of the B rating represents the area in square feet of a class B fire that a non-expert user should be able to extinguish. Le nombre en face de l'avis B représente la zone en pieds carrés de classe B un incendie qui a un non-utilisateur d'experts devrait étre en mesure d'éteindre. Using the above example, a non-expert user should be able to put out a flammable liquid fire that is as large as 10 square feet. En utilisant l'exemple ci-dessus, un non-utilisateur d'experts devrait étre en mesure de mettre un liquide inflammable feu qui est plus grand que 10 pieds carrés.
 

 
 
EXTINCTEUR - ETIQUETAGE
 Potentiel d'extinction

21 kg de bois

144 litres de liquide inflammable

 

pictogrammes
normalisés

<== 1
Nature de l'agent extincteur

 

<== 2

Mode d'emploi

  PRECAUTION <== 3
Restriction d'emploi
  RECHARGER APRES UTILISATION, VERIFIER PERIODIQUEMENT.
UTILISER POUR L'ENTRETIEN OU LE RECHARGEMENT QUE LES PRODUITS ET PIECES DE RECHANGE CONFORMES AU MODELE HOMOLOGUE.
AGENT EXTINCTEUR :
6 kg POUDRE
AGENT PROPULSEUR :
225 g CO2
HOMOLOGATION : TYPE :
TEMPERATURES LIMITES :
- 20é C et + 60é C
<== 4
Renseignements divers sur :

- rechargement
- vérification
- composition
- capacités

  FABRICANT <== 5
Nom et adresse du responsable de l'appareil

 

Types of fire extinguishers Types d'extincteurs
Different types of fire extinguishers are designed to fight different types of fire. Différents types d'extincteurs sont conéus pour lutter contre différents types d'incendie. The three most common types of fire extinguishers are: air pressurized water, CO 2 (carbon dioxide), and dry chemical. Les trois principaux types d'extincteurs sont les suivants: l'air é eau sous pression, le CO 2 (dioxyde de carbone) et de produit chimique en poudre. The following table provides information regarding the type of fire and which fire extinguisher should be used. Le tableau suivant fournit des informations sur le type d'incendie et qui extincteur doit étre utilisé.

 
Extinguisher Type Extincteur Type Type of Fire Type of Fire
Water Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Water Eau
Ordinary Combustibles Combustibles ordinaires

Fires in paper, cloth, wood, rubber, and many plastics require a water type extinguisher labeled A. Incendies en papier, tissu, bois, caoutchouc, plastiques et bien d'exiger un type d'eau marqués extincteur A.
 
Class A Logo - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
 


Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
CO 2 CO 2

 
Flammable Liquids Liquides inflammables

Fires in oils, gasoline, some paints, lacquers, grease, solvents, and other flammable liquids require an extinguisher labeled B. Incendies dans les huiles, l'essence, certaines peintures, laques, de graisse, de solvants et d'autres liquides inflammables exiger un extincteur marqués B.
 
Class B Logo - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
 
OR OU
Dry Chemical Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Dry Chemical é poudre chimique
Electrical Equipment Appareils électriques

Fires in wiring, fuse boxes, energized electrical equipment, computers, and other electrical sources require an extinguisher labeled C. Les incendies dans le céblage, boétes de fusibles, l'équipement électrique sous tension, les ordinateurs et autres sources d'énergie électrique exigent un extincteur marqués C.
 
Class C Logo - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
 

Multi-purpose Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.

Multi-Purpose Multi-Purpose

 
Ordinary Combustibles, Flammable Liquids, or Electrical Equipment Ordinaire combustibles, liquides inflammables, ou le matériel électrique

Multi-purpose dry chemical is suitable for use on class A, B, and C. Multi-usage de produit chimique en poudre peut étre utilisé de la catégorie A, B et C.
 
Class A, B, and C Logos - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
 

Class D Classe D Metals Métaux

Fires involving powders, flakes or shavings of combustible metals such as magnesium, titanium, potassium, and sodium require special extinguishers labeled D. Incendies dans des poudres, de flocons ou de copeaux de métaux combustibles tels que le magnésium, le titane, de potassium et de sodium ont besoin d'une extincteurs marqués D.
 

Class K La classe K Kitchen Fires Cuisine incendies

Fires involving combustible cooking fluids such as oils and fats. Incendies dans des combustibles liquides de cuisson tels que les huiles et les graisses.

Note: Your present fire extinguishing equipment may not put out a fire involving vegetable oil in your deep fat fryer. Note: Votre matériel d'extinction d'incendie mai pas é mettre un incendie impliquant l'huile végétale dans votre friteuse graisse profonde.
Class K Logos - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.



Water - Air-pressurized water extinguishers (APW) Eau - Air extincteurs é eau sous pression (APW)
 
Water Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Water is one of the most commonly used extinguishing agents for type A fires. L'eau est une des plus communément utilisés pour les agents d'extinction de type A incendies. You can recognize an APW by its large silver container. Vous pouvez reconnaétre un APW par son grand récipient d'argent. They are filled about two-thirds of the way with ordinary water, then pressurized with air. Ils sont remplis d'environ deux-tiers du chemin avec l'eau ordinaire, la suite mis sous pression avec l'air. In some cases, detergents are added to the water to produce a foam. Dans certains cas, les détergents sont ajoutés é l'eau pour produire une mousse. They stand about two to three feet tall and weigh approximately 25 pounds when full. Ils se tiennent debout sur deux é trois pieds de haut et pésent environ 25 livres lorsqu'elle est pleine.

APWs extinguish fire by cooling the surface of the fuel to remove the "heat" element of the fire triangle. APWs éteindre le feu par la surface de refroidissement du combustible pour éliminer la "chaleur" de l'incendie triangle.

APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth, rubber, and certain plastics) fires only. APWs sont conéus pour la classe A (bois, papier, tissu, caoutchouc et certains plastiques) les incendies seulement.

Class A only Label - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Important: Attention:
  • Never use water to extinguish flammable liquid fires. Water is extremely ineffective at extinguishing this type of fire and may make matters worse by the spreading the fire. Ne jamais utiliser d'eau pour éteindre les feux de liquides inflammables. L'eau est extrémement inefficace é ce type d'extinction d'incendie et mai aggraver encore les choses par la propagation du feu.
     
  • Never use water to extinguish an electrical fire. Water is a good conductor and may lead to electrocution if used to extinguish an electrical fire. Ne jamais utiliser d'eau pour éteindre un incendie d'origine électrique. L'eau est un bon conducteur et mai conduire é l'électrocution s'ils sont utilisés pour éteindre un incendie d'origine électrique. Electrical equipment must be unplugged and/or de-energized before using a water extinguisher on an electrical fire. Le matériel électrique doit étre débranché et / ou de mise hors tension avant d'utiliser un extincteur é eau sur un incendie d'origine électrique.
     

CO 2 or Dry Chemical - Carbon dioxide extinguishers CO 2 ou é poudre chimique - de dioxyde de carbone extincteurs
 
Carbon Dioxide Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
This type of extinguisher is filled with Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ), a non-flammable gas under extreme pressure. Ce type d'extincteur est remplie de dioxyde de carbone (CO 2), un non-inflammables, de gaz sous pression extréme. These extinguishers put out fires by displacing oxygen, or taking away the oxygen element of the fire triangle. Ces extincteurs éteindre les incendies par de l'oxygéne, ou enlever l'oxygéne élément du feu triangle. Because of its high pressure, when you use this extinguisher pieces of dry ice shoot from the horn, which also has a cooling effect on the fire. En raison de sa haute pression, lorsque vous utilisez ce extincteur morceaux de glace séche tirer de la Corne, qui a aussi un effet de refroidissement sur le feu.

You can recognize this type of extinguisher by its hard horn and absent pressure gauge. Vous pouvez reconnaétre ce type d'extincteur par sa corne difficile et en l'absence de manométre.

CO 2 cylinders are red and range in size from five to 100 pounds or larger. Bouteilles de CO 2 sont de couleur rouge et la gamme de taille de cinq é 100 livres ou plus.

CO 2 extinguishers are designed for Class B and C (flammable liquid and electrical) fires only. Extincteurs é CO 2 sont conéus pour les catégories B et C (un liquide inflammable et électricité) incendies seulement.

Class B and C Label - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Important: Attention:
  • CO 2 is not recommended for Class A fires because they may continue to smolder and re-ignite after the CO 2 dissipates. CO 2 n'est pas recommandé pour les feux de classe A, car ils continuent de mai smolder et re-feu aprés le CO 2 se dissipe.
     
  • Never use CO 2 extinguishers in a confined space while people are present without proper respiratory protection. Ne jamais utiliser de CO 2 extincteurs dans un espace confiné alors que des gens sont présents sans protection respiratoire.
Locations: Lieux:
Carbon dioxide extinguishers will frequently be found in industrial vehicles, mechanical rooms, offices, computer labs, and flammable liquid storage areas. Le dioxyde de carbone extincteurs sera souvent trouvée dans les véhicules industriels, mécanique chambres, des bureaux, des laboratoires informatiques et de stockage de liquides inflammables.

 
Multi-purpose - Dry chemical extinguishers Multi-usage - extincteurs é poudre chimique
Dry Chemical Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials. Dry chemical extinguishers put out fires by coating the fuel with a thin layer of fire retardant powder, separating the fuel from the oxygen. Extincteurs é poudre chimique éteindre les incendies par le revétement de carburant d'une fine couche de poudre ignifuge, en séparant le carburant de l'oxygéne. The powder also works to interrupt the chemical reaction, which makes these extinguishers extremely effective. La poudre travaille aussi é interrompre la réaction chimique, ce qui rend ces extincteurs extrémement efficace.

Dry chemical extinguishers are usually rated for class B and C fires and may be marked multiple purpose for use in A, B, and C fires. Extincteurs é poudre chimique sont généralement notées pour la classe B et C incendies de mai et étre marqué des objectifs multiples pour l'utilisation avec A, B, C et incendies. They contain an extinguishing agent and use a compressed, non-flammable gas as a propellant. Elles contiennent un agent extincteur et d'utiliser un comprimé, gaz ininflammable comme propulseur.

ABC fire extinguishers are red in color, and range in size from five pounds to 20 pounds. ABC extincteurs sont en couleur rouge, et la gamme de taille de cinq livres é 20 livres.

Dry Chemical extinguishers will have a label indicating they may be used on class A, B, and/or C fires. Extincteurs é poudre chimique aura une étiquette indiquant qu'ils mai étre utilisé de la catégorie A, B et / ou C incendies.

 
or ou class B or C only label - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.

 
Class A, B, or C Label - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Locations: Lieux:

These extinguishers will be found in a variety of locations including: public hallways, laboratories, mechanical rooms, break rooms, chemical storage areas, offices, commercial vehicles, and other areas with flammable liquids. Ces extincteurs se trouvent dans une variété de lieux, notamment: les corridors, les laboratoires, les salles de mécanique, de briser les chambres, zones de stockage de produits chimiques, des bureaux, des véhicules commerciaux et autres zones présentant des liquides inflammables.
 
Class K - Dry and wet chemical extinguishers for kitchen fires La classe K - é l'état sec et humide chimiques extincteurs pour feux de cuisine
Wet Chemical Extinguisher - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials. Due to the higher heating rates of vegetable oils in commercial cooking appliances NFPA 10 , Portable Fire Extinguishers , now includes a Class K rating for kitchen fires extinguishers which are now required to be installed in all applicable restaurant kitchens. En raison de la hausse des taux de chauffage des huiles végétales dans les appareils de cuisson commerciale NFPA 10, extincteurs d'incendie portatifs, comprend désormais une classe K des avis pour la cuisine incendies extincteurs qui sont maintenant tenus d'étre installé dans toutes les cuisines de restaurant. Once a fire starts in a deep fryer, it cannot always be extinguished by traditional range hoods or Class B extinguishers. Une fois un feu démarre dans une friteuse, il ne peut pas toujours étre éteint par gamme de hottes traditionnelles ou de la classe B extincteurs.
  • Do not attempt to use a Class A extinguisher containing water or CO 2 on a deep fat fryer fire. Ne pas essayer d'utiliser un extincteur de classe A contenant de l'eau ou du CO 2 sur une profondeur de matiéres grasses friteuse feu. An explosive type reaction may result. Une réaction de type explosif mai résultat.
     
  • Place a placard near the Class K fire extinguisher which states: "In case of appliance fire, use this extinguisher only after the fixed fire suppression system has been actuated". Placez une affiche prés de la classe K extincteur qui stipule: "En cas d'incendie de l'appareil, utilisez cette extincteur seulement aprés la suppression d'incendie fixées systéme a été actionné. Class K fire extinguishers are only intended to be used after the activation of a built-in hood suppression system. La classe K extincteurs sont uniquement destinés é étre utilisés aprés l'activation d'un capot en systéme de suppression. If no commercial cooking system hood and fire suppression system exists, Class K extinguishers are not required. Si aucun systéme de cuisson commerciale capot et de suppression des incendies systéme existe, la classe K extincteurs ne sont pas nécessaires.
     
  • Extinguishing agents in many Class K extinguishers are electrically conductive and should only be used after electrical power to the kitchen appliance has been shut off. Les agents d'extinction dans de nombreux classe K extincteurs sont conducteurs de l'électricité et ne devraient étre utilisés aprés l'énergie électrique é la cuisine appareil a été coupé. Class K extinguishers use a variety of agents. La classe K extincteurs utiliser une variété d'agents. Potassium bicarbonate is used in some Class K dry chemical extinguishers, and there are also Class K wet chemical extinguishers which spray a fine mist. Bicarbonate de potassium est utilisé dans certains classe K extincteurs é poudre chimique, et il ya aussi la classe K humide extincteurs chimiques qui vaporiser un fin brouillard.
     
  • Travel distance to a Class K extinguisher shall not exceed 30 feet. Voyage é distance é une classe K extincteur doit pas excéder 30 pieds.
     
  • Install a 2-A water-type extinguisher or 6L wet chemical fire extinguisher for solid fuel cooking appliances with fire boxes. Installer un 2-A de type eau ou extincteur 6L humide extincteur chimique pour les combustibles solides de cuisson avec le feu boétes.
     
  • Inspect, test and maintain Class K fire extinguishers yearly. Inspecter, tester et maintenir la classe K extincteurs d'année en année.
     
Class K Logos - Copyright WARNING: Not all materials on this Web site were created by the federal government. Some content é including both images and text é may be the copyrighted property of others and used by the DOL under a license. Such content generally is accompanied by a copyright notice. It is your responsibility to obtain any necessary permission from the owner's of such material prior to making use of it. You may contact the DOL for details on specific content, but we cannot guarantee the copyright status of such items. Please consult the U.S.Copyright Office at the Library of Congress é http://www.copyright.gov é to search for copyrighted materials.
Locations: Lieux:

These extinguishers will be found in commercial cooking operations such as restaurants, cafeterias, and other locations where food would be served. Ces extincteurs sera trouvée dans les opérations commerciales de cuisine, tels que les restaurants, cafétérias, et d'autres endroits oé la nourriture serait servi.

Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Science, Technology and Medicine at 202-693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials. Accessibilité assistance: Communiquez avec l'OSHA Direction de la science, la technologie et de médecine é 202-693-2300 pour obtenir de l'aide PDF accés aux matériaux.
 

Texte traduit de l'anglais. Document exemple, afin de donner une suggestion de suivis de plan d'évacuation ou une autre approche de secours incendie. Source, Canada et USA:

http://www.osha.gov/  et le http://www.cchst.ca/

 



 
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