I.   Background for the Trainer:
The center of gravity is an important concept for all forklift operators to understand.  Use blocks or Legos® to help demonstrate the location of a load’s center of gravity.
II.   Speaker’s Notes:
Before we talk about about capacity and load center, we need to discuss how to determine a load’s center of gravity.
The center of gravity is the exact point on which the entire load will balance.  For loads of consistent material, this point will always be near the center of the load.
If a load contains materials with different weights or densities, the load center will be on the side containing the heavy material.  For example:  If a pallet contains bricks on one side and pillows on the other, the center of gravity will obviously be closer to the side of the pallet containing the bricks.
The distance from the edge of the load to the center of gravity is very important.  If possible, the load must always be picked up on the side that is closest to the center of gravity.  This will keep the load’s weight closer to the forklift.
The center of gravity of item A above is 24 inches from the edge.
Would it be better to pick up item B from the left or right side?  The left side, of course, because the center of gravity is closer to the left side.