I.   Background for the Trainer:
•This slide is used to show operators how their actions could cause a forklift to tip over.  Usually, a tip over does not result from one action but a combination of two or more actions.
II.   Speaker’s Notes:
•What causes the center of gravity of a lift truck to move from side to side?
–Forklift cornering, unbalanced load, tire going into a pothole, sloped surface
•What causes the center of gravity of a lift truck to move forward?
–Capacity load, mast tilted forward, stopping abruptly when going forward, quickly accelerating in reverse, driving down a ramp
•What causes the center of gravity of a lift truck to move backward to the thin portion of the stability triangle?
–Mast tilted back, stopping abruptly when going in reverse, quickly accelerating forward, driving up a ramp
•Which of the above actions, when combined, could cause a forklift to tip over?  A forklift cornering while driving up a ramp would cause the center of gravity to be back and to the side, thus resulting in a tipover.  A forklift moving forward with a raised capacity load could tip forward if forced to stop abruptly. A forklift cornering with an unbalanced load and then hitting a pothole could easily tip over.  These are just a few examples of how a forklift can be tipped over.